The Mangalica is a typical lard pig developed in the Carpathian-basin at the beginning of the 19th century. There are three different varieties of it: blond, swallow-bellied and red. In all three varieties the body is covered by curly, spirally upward winding hair that is shed in the summer, when the animals become smooth-haired. The hair colour of blond Mangalica ranges from grey to yellow, the skin is pigmented greyish-black, while natural body orifices, the end of the snout, teats and nails are black. There is a lighter patch on the base of ear (Wellmann patch). Ears are dropping ahead, eyes are brown and the tuft of the tail is always black. It has a fine, but firm bone structure. The swallow-bellied Mangalica was developed in the South of Hungary by crossing with the Srem pig. Basically it is black, but there is a gently upwardly stretching yellowish-white colour of the throat and the underbelly, just like the tail, but the tuft is always black. Red Mangalica has evolved from the crossing of the red “Szalontai” pig and the blond Mangalica. Traditionally it was bred in the eastern region of the Hungarian Great Plain. It has a lighter shade of brownish-red hair. Other external traits of the variety are the same as that of the blond Mangalica. We keep animals for demonstration purpose in Institute for Farm Animal Conservation.